In Vivo Monitoring of Cutaneous Edema using Spectral Imaging in the Visible and Near Infrared.
Stamatas GN, Southall M, Kollias N.1
Methods and Models Development, Johnson & Johnson CPPWW, Skillman, New Jersey, USA.
Tissue inflammation is often accompanied by local interstitial fluid accumulation expressed as edema. Edema can be the manifestation of infection, lymphatic blockage, wound healing, or even cancer, and is typically graded visually. Here we demonstrate that the edema reaction can be objectively quantitated in vivo by the use of spectral imaging. To this end we applied the method on a histamine-induced cutaneous edema model. Apparent concentrations of oxy-hemoglobin, deoxy-hemoglobin, and water were calculated for each pixel of a spectral image stack.
These values were used to construct concentration maps for each of these molecules as well as an intensity map of an optical tissue-scattering parameter. The oxy-hemoglobin and the tissue water maps are two-dimensional quantitative representations of the skin areas involved in erythema and edema, respectively. These maps demonstrated characteristics of the wheal-and-flare reaction and their gray-level intensities were dependent on the applied histamine dose.
We conclude that spectral imaging can be a valuable noninvasive tool in the study of edema pathology and can be used to monitor the edema reaction in vivo or follow the efficacy of treatments in a clinical setting.
Journal of Investigative Dermatology advance online publication, 4 May 2006; doi:10.1038/sj.jid.5700329.
PMID: 16675964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]